Historical development of the oboe - Philipp Dangas

Historical development of the oboe

Oboe graphic can be enlarged. It is Link-Sensitive [Clickable].

Short description: oboe in small representation

The oboe is a type of double-reed wind instrument known to the ancient Egyptians. The Greek aulos, the Roman tibia and the Asian turna should be mentioned as their predecessors in antiquity. In the history of music, all wind instruments with a reed, i.e. with either a single or double reed, are summarized under the term shawm.

However, in order to distinguish between them, the double-reed instruments are called shawms and the single-reed instruments have the French name chalumeau (derived from the Greek: καλαμη = pipe).

Its development took place in France, where the oboe was first included in the opera orchestra in 1671 in the opera Pomone by Robert Cambert (1628 to 1677). The German name oboe is derived from the French term "Hautbois" = high wood. In the 18th century the oboe still had considerable technical and tonal imperfections, which can be clearly recognized from its careful use in the scores of the classics.

Berlioz still complained about these shortcomings and hoped to eliminate them by equipping the oboe with the Bohemian key system. In the 1880s, F.Loreé in Paris achieved decisive success with the Bohemian key system, who made the Bohemian system, intended for the cylindrical flute, really usable for the oboe by means of a new type of bore.

Atmospheric sound sample of the oboe [Music composer Ludwig van Beethoven]
Download size: 425 kilobytes
Use of the oboe in music
Music composer's Work Style of music
Ludwig van Beethoven Symphony No. 3 in E flat major, Opus 55 Orchestra
Franz Schubert Great Symphony in C major, D 944 Orchestra
Francis Poulenc Sonata for Oboe and Piano Opus 185 Chamber music
André Jolivet Controversia for oboe and harp Chamber music