Historical development of the oboe - Philipp Dangas
Historical development of the oboe
Oboe graphic can be enlarged. It is Link-Sensitive [Clickable].Short description: oboe in small representation
The oboe is a type of double-reed wind instrument known to the ancient Egyptians. The Greek aulos, the Roman tibia and the Asian turna should be mentioned as their predecessors in antiquity. In the history of music, all wind instruments with a reed, i.e. with either a single or double reed, are summarized under the term shawm.
However, in order to distinguish between them, the double-reed instruments are called shawms and the single-reed instruments have the French name chalumeau (derived from the Greek: καλαμη = pipe).
Its development took place in France, where the oboe was first included in the opera orchestra in 1671 in the opera Pomone by Robert Cambert (1628 to 1677). The German name oboe is derived from the French term "Hautbois" = high wood. In the 18th century the oboe still had considerable technical and tonal imperfections, which can be clearly recognized from its careful use in the scores of the classics.
Berlioz still complained about these shortcomings and hoped to eliminate them by equipping the oboe with the Bohemian key system. In the 1880s, F.Loreé in Paris achieved decisive success with the Bohemian key system, who made the Bohemian system, intended for the cylindrical flute, really usable for the oboe by means of a new type of bore.
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Table summary of use of the oboe in music
The table below shows the use of the oboe in music shown. Musical works are performed with the name of the composer and the work.
The oboe in large scale
The oboe is also used outside of its classic area of application. In rock music, as an example, the oboe was used. It is little known that Peter Gabriel used the distinctive sounding woodwind instrument on various Genesis sound recordings (e.g. Nursery Crime 1971 or Foxtrot 1972) to complement the very nuanced musical style of the group.