Notation and sound generation of the Trombone - Philipp Dangas

Notation and sound generation of the Trombone

Trombone notation and tone generation graphic can be enlarged. It is Link-Sensitive [Clickable].

Sheet music for the pitch range of the bass trombone

The trombone belong to the non-transposing instruments. Their notation, in which all clefs from soprano to bass clef were used in the past, is now only made in tenor and bass clef, for the alto trombone also in the alto clef and in some modern works also in the treble clef. In any case, it corresponds to the actual sound, there is no uniform "fingerprint" as with the transposing instruments.

The tuning of the basic scale i.e. the "tuning of the instrument" is not added to the trombone designation. Basically, trombones are whole instruments, i.e. they can play the root and at least some of the pedal tones below the root. When the bass trombone valve is closed, the same applies as for d, except that b1 should be specified as the upper limit of the scale.

The length of the slide of the tenor bass trombone, like that of the tenor trombone, is measured in such a way that the tuning B (1st position) that results when the valve is closed can be transported down to 6 further positions after the E tuning (7th position). In this case, when the train is fully extended without opening the valve, the total length of the tube is 4.12 meters.

The tenor bass trombone has become the standard trombone in many orchestras. It can be described as a combination of a tenor and a bass trombone. With the fourth valve not pressed, it is a tenor trombone otherwise a bass trombone.

The sound file contains an example of the trombone sound
[music by Dmitri Shostakovich]
Download size: 135 kilobytes
The Technical Representation of the Slide Positions of a Trombone „1—7“
Slide Position Root Tube Length Frequency
1. Position (B scale) B 2,90 meter [ m ] 117,33 Herz [ Hz ]
2. Position (A scale) A 3,09 meter [ m ] 110,00 Herz [ Hz ]
3. Position (A♭ scale) A♭ 3,26 meters [ m ] 104,30 Herz [ Hz ]
4. Position (G scale) G 3,48 meters [ m ] 97,78 Herz [ Hz ]
5. Position (G♭ scale) G♭ 3,62 meters [ m ] 93,87 Herz [ Hz ]
6. Position (F scale) F 3,86 meters [ m ] 88,00 Herz [ Hz ]
7. Position (E scale) E 4,12 meters [ m ] 82,50 Herz [ Hz ]