Construction and function of the Trumpet - Philipp Dangas

Construction and function of the Trumpet

Construction and function of the Trumpet graphic can be enlarged. It is Link-Sensitive [Clickable].

Components of the Trumpet in small representation

The tube of the trumpet is cylindrical for most of its length from the mouthpiece and widens conically (funnel-shaped) towards the sound opening. The pear-shaped cup mouthpiece is almost 1 cm deep. The sound opening (lintels) is relatively narrow. The total length of the tube of the modern valve trumpet in Bb . without the valve slides is around 1.45 m and that of the valve trumpet in C around 1.30 m. The trumpet has 3 valves.

The overall mood can be corrected by the main move. Furthermore, each of the 3 valve slides can be pulled out so that the tuning of the individual nature scales can be corrected. It should be noted that a considerable pulling out of the main slide as well as the use of an attachment bow to tune down the instrument, i.e. an extension of the main pipe, requires the valve slides to be pulled out at the same time.

A very loud and typical example of the sound of the Trumpet [Music by Haydn, Joseph]
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Key data on the functional principle of the brass instruments
Component/Technology Function
1. Mouthpiece The sound is created by the lips of the wind instrument and formed in the mouthpiece (and instrument). Also the most important factor in determining the timbre.
2. Tube The length of the tube determines the pitch as well as the timbre.
3. Valves In brass instruments, they are used to change the tube length in order to enable chromatic play.
4. Bell The bell helps determine the timbre. Longer and narrower bells produce a bright sound. Shorter and wider produce a soft sound.
5. Overblowing technique This is the technique that makes the instrument sound in a higher register by increasing the blowing pressure.