Historical development of the Trumpet - Philipp Dangas

Historical development of the Trumpet

Trumpet graphic can be enlarged. It is Link-Sensitive [Clickable].

Trumpet in small representation

Today's usage refers to all trumpets consisting of a straight tube with a cup mouthpiece or a corresponding shape of the opening of the tube as the trumpets of antiquity. As well as wind instruments of that time provided with a bell, which were mainly used for cultic or military purposes. They can already be found in the earliest times among the Egyptians, Hebrews, Chinese, Indians, Greeks and especially in Roman antiquity.

Significant for the development of today's trumpet is the fact that the Roman "tuba" and the „Lituus“ are not to be regarded as their immediate predecessors. Only with the advent of the "busine" in southern Italy in the 11th century did the actual development of the trumpet in Europe begin.

The busine with a cylindrical tube can be seen today as the main instrument of the trumpet and the trombone. Until the beginning of the 18th century the trumpet was mainly used in the low D tuning. In the time of Palestrina (1526-1594) and Giovanni Gabrieli (1557-1612), in which instrumental music developed epochally, the trumpet, which until then had only been used for military purposes and for festivities, was adopted into the orchestra. Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643) already used them with a mute (sordino).

In the 2nd half of the 18th century, the trumpet was also played with the same stopping technique as with the horn. With the introduction of the valve trumpet, however, it fell completely out of use in the first quarter of the 19th century. Shortly after the middle of the 19th century, trumpet players began to use only the high Bb and high C trumpets.

Audio sample of the sound of the trumpet and very loud [Music by Joseph Haydn]
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Use of the trumpet in music
Music composer's Work Style of music
Paul Hindemith Double Concerto for Trumpet and Bassoon Orchestra
Richard Strauss An Alpine Symphony opus 64 Orchestra
Gustav Mahler 5th Symphony in C sharp minor Orchestra
Chet Baker + Orchestra „Straight from the heart“ Orchestra
Chet Baker Quartett „Live in Rosenheim“ Jazzcombo
Chet Baker Trio „Strollin“ Jazzcombo