Notation and sound generation of the viola - Philipp Dangas

Notation and sound generation of the viola

Viola notation and tone generation graphic can be enlarged. It is Link-Sensitive [Clickable].

Sheet music for the pitch range of the viola in a small representation

The viola has 4 strings. The lower tuning of the strings (scordatura) is also possible with the viola (viola), but is rarely used here. What was said about the violin applies accordingly to the sound generation of the viola.

Unlike the violin, its slightly larger resonator does not allow it to be played in the high registers without any problems (except for virtuoso playing). On the 3 low strings (4, 3 and 2) one usually does not go beyond the 5th position, while on the 1st string the 8th position and in exceptional cases even the 10th or 11th position can certainly be reached is. The use of a specific string follows the rule: "sul G" (or A, D, C) i.e. "on the G string".

The viola is notated in the alto clef (in the higher positions, i.e. in the two- and three-line octave, to avoid many auxiliary lines, also the treble clef). Since there is no specific limit for the transition from the alto to the treble clef, the viola players must be practically familiar with the fingering of the two clefs in the entire scale range of their instrument.

This procedure is usually used between connected phrases in order to avoid a constant change of keys. The notation is not transposed. The alto clef is the general obstacle to violinists being able to take on the viola without further ado, since they are mostly unfamiliar with it.

A beautiful one sound example for the sound of the viola
[Music composer: Dmitri Shostakovich]
Download Size: 206 Kilobytes
Pitch range of the strings of a viola
String label String tuning String circumference (from — to)
4th string (C string) c c [minor octave] — d1 [middle octave]
3rd string (G string) g g [small octave] — a1 [middle octave]
2nd string (D string) d1 d1 [intermediate octave] — e2 [2nd octave]
1st string (A string) a1 a1 middle octave] — e3 [3rd Oktave]